Past tense is used to show things happened in past.

There are four types of past tense

  • Simple Past Tense
  • Past Continuous Tense
  • Past Perfect Tense
  • Past Perfect Continuous Tense


Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense is used to indicate an action completed in the past.

  • I bought a book yesterday.
  • I went to market yesterday.
  • He went to Bombay last month.

Simple past tense is used to show situation related to past or to show past habits.

  • Richa was a good athlete.
  • He never came late.
  • They were very fast.


Past Continuous Tense

Past continuous tense is used to say that someone was doing something at past time.

  • We were playing badminton.
  • This time last year we were living in London.
  • Rohan was running on the ground.

Past continuous tense is used to say that something happened in the middle of something.

  • Ramu burned his hand while he was cooking lunch.
  • While you were playing, she was reading.
  • I hurt my back while I was working in the garden.


Past Perfect Tense

Past perfect tense is used to say an action completed before sometime in the past.

  • Sachin was selected in Indian Cricket team even before he was eligible for driving license.
  • Rahim had lived in this house for ten years.
  • He had been working since he was just eighteen.

The past perfect is used when we look back on earlier action from a certain point in the past.

  • The plane had took off before I reached the airport.
  • The chief guest had arrived before the stage was ready.
  • Mom had cooked the food before I reached home.


Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Past perfect continuous tense is used to say about an action that began before a certain point in the past and has continued up to the time of saying.

  • Prof Gayakwad had been teaching Chemistry for ten years.
  • Sunil had been playing chess since 2014.
  • At that time he had been commanding the unit for two years.